James A. H. Brownlow served in Company K, Floyd's Legion during the Civil War. He is buried at the Connesena Baptist Church Cemetery near Hall's Station.

Our family in wartime

Among our ancestors, there are several who fought in wars, including Uriah Humphries of Botetourt County, Virginia, who took part in the French and Indian War of 1758, before America was even America. He is also one of six known “Patriots” in the family who fought against the British in the American Revolution, including Captain Jacob Collins of Lincoln County, North Carolina, and the heroic John Brownlow. It is also possible there is a Tory in the family tree, Abraham Collins. He is almost certainly related to Jacob Collins, but the exact relationship is unknown.

Family members also fought in the War of 1812 and the Mexican War.

In addition, there are many Civil War soldiers in the family, including both Rebels and Yankees, but there may be many, many more. In one case, in the Hall and Brownlow families, brothers literally fought brothers. One ancestor, James Canada Carnes, died at at Gettysburg, and his brother, Elias G. Carnes, was a POW whose life may have been shortened as a result of his captivity. Elias died before 1870, as did Joel Bagwell, who was wounded in 1861, possibly at First Manassas, and discharged for measles, a severe cough, and rheumatism six months after he enlisted.
Union privates Miles Privett and Obediah Brownlow both died during the war, Miles of disease and Obed of wounds suffered in battle, and three members of the Collins family died as the result of lingering hostility within a year of the war's end (See the Scared Corn-Ryo Murders). Also, Archibald G. B. Collins was a “fourth corporal” in Company A, 43rd Regiment, CSA, and was permanently disabled at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Ironically, some of these men and the others who fought in this war crossed paths several times, especially in Linwood (Halls Station) and Kingston, Georgia in May of 1864 on Sherman’s “March to the Sea,” as well as at the Battle of Chicamagua, and during the Nashville Campaign. On the Confederate side might have been Shem Carnes of Kingston, who petitioned the government after the war for reparations for what the Yankees took from his farm, Joel Bagwell, and James Madison “Matt” Hall and his son James Allen Hall. On the Union side were Robert M. Hall, Matt Hall’s brother, their nephew Berry Ramsey, and William Marsh and John Davis.

The Hall homeplace in Walker County was probably overrun in the Battle of Chickamauga. The Halls lived in the West Chickamauga District, and there is a Hall’s Crossing on West Chickamauga Creek.

I have yet to compile information on World War I or later conflicts.

Here are some details on these men. Because the information on the Collins family is so extensive, it is listed separately at the Collins in wartime.

The French and Indian War, and the Revolutionary Wa

Burgess Brammer

According to one website, Newton Berry Davis's grandmother, Mary Brammer, wife of John Davis, Jr., was a daughter of the Patriot Burgess Brammer and Mildred Boyd of Virginia. However, several other websites containing lists of the children of Burgess Brammer and Mildred Boyd do not list a Mary among them. In any case, Burgess Brammer was born about 1860 in Virginia and died 2 July 1821 in Russell County, Virginia. He is known to have served in the Revolutionary War and in 1781 he was on Col. Holt Richerson's militia roster. His father was John Brammer, Sr., born 1730-40 and died November 1813 in Patrick County, Virginia. He enlisted as a private on 11 March 1781 and was among the militiamen involved in the battle of the Guilford Court House (DAR Patriot Index, Vol. 2:24, 1979).

Burgess Brammer left Mildred Boyd and moved in with his mistress, Elizabeth Daniels, and was murdered in Russell County by her and her daughter. According to hearsay testimony at their trial, Daniels and Brammer had a falling out and she had ordered him out of the house, but he apparently refused to leave and she threatened to have him killed. The testimony included statements by Daniels' daughter, which was not his and is only referred to as Miss Brammer, that Brammer had beaten her unmercifully several times and that Miss Brammer had threatened to kill him if he did it again. They were convicted of second degree murder and sentenced to 12 years in the state penitentiary, but it is not known if they ever served the time. For more information on Burgess, see this page.

John Brownlow

John Brownlow was born in Ireland in 1762. He came to South Carolina with his parents in 1767.
Possibly known as “Plain John,” John Brownlow is said to have been a Revolutionary War hero. He is the grandfather of James Alexander Henley Brownlow, father of Harriet Octavia Smith, Thiddo Smith’s* grandmother.James A. H. and his brother Obediah both fought in the Civil War (see below).

On 29 May 1781, he enlisted in Col. Robert Mabane's 3rd North Carolina Regiment and took part in the battle of Lindley’s Mill, in Alamance County, North Carolina, on 13 September 1781.

The day before, 1,100 Tory soldiers under the command of David Fanning attacked Hillsboro, North Carolina, the capital, and captured 200 prominent officials including the governor, Thomas Burke. Fanning took about 600 men and marched Burke and some of the other prisoners to Washington to turn them over to the British.

As they passed through Lindley’s Mill, which was a major crossroads, they were ambushed by 300 Patriots under the command of Gen. John Butler, Col. John “McBane” and his brother Col. Robert Mebane. The Patriots occupied high ground north of the mill.

During the attack, Gen. Butler is said to have lost heart and tried to retreat, but Col. Robert Mebane rallied the troops. In the end, the Patriots ran out of ammunition and the Tories escaped with the governor after Fanning threatened to kill the prisoners if pressed. In all, between 200 and 300 men died in a space of four hours.

Col. Mebane was murdered a month later, on 13 October, in Williams Township, and his killer, a Tory named Henry Hightower, was captured and hanged. The Governor was not rescued, and was imprisoned on James Island.[1] The Battle of Lindley's Mill closed the war in North Carolina one month before Lord Cornwallis surrendered the British Army at Yorktown.

John Brownlow, a private, was said to have been wounded 13 times during his service.

Lindley’s Mill was built in 1755 by Quaker Thomas Lindley, an Irish immigrant, who was granted 1,000 acres by the Earl of Granville. The mill is still in operation, having passed down through the Lindley family for nine generations.

Uriah Humphries

Uriah was born about 1733 in Northumberland County, Virginia, and his death date is disputed. He is said to have died 12 Feb 1817 or 7 July 1818, in Clarke County, Georgia, possibly in High Shoals. His will was probated 21 July 1818.
Uriah fought in the French and Indian War of 1758. He asked for bounty land in 1780 in payment for his service. He also furnished horses for Colonel William Christina’s Cherokee Indian expedition in 1776 and 1783.

In the American Revolution, he was an officer in Captain Posey's Company of Regular Virginia Militia and was discharged in 1780 at Botetourt County, Virginia. Uriah is listed in 1783 as having 17 horses, 28 cattle, and 10 slaves. Uriah  was in
Captain Joseph Pryor's militia company along with a John Humphries, who I think was his brother. Under Pryor, whom he knew and was apparently friends with (he lived in the Pryor District of the county), he was promoted from ensign to the position of second lieutenant, and then lieutenant.

Uriah is listed in Anne Waller Reddy's compilation of West Virginia Patriots as a "non-military" patriot of Botetourt County, so he may not have actually taken part in combat. Also, he is on the DAR list of Patriots.

Uriah was the gggg-grandfather of Gladys Hall.

Joseph Humphries III

Joseph was the nephew of our Uriah Humphries. He served in some logistical capacity, much like his uncle, and was said to have been in “charge of public wagons.” For his service in the Revolutionary War, he was given a land grant on Big Shoal Creek in Franklin/Jackson County, Georgia in 1784. He was also captain of the “Gum Log Company” of what I believe was called the 2nd Georgia Militia, Franklin County, in the 1790s. He appears in the DAR rolls. He is also listed in the Georgia's Roster of the American Revolution by L. L. Knight, as noted in Mary F. A. Word's book "John Bryson Word."

Miles Privett
Miles, also an ancestor of Rosa Alice Davis, was a Patriot. He was born1760 in Chowan County, North Carolina. He served in Colonel Patton’s Company of the 2nd North Carolina Regiment at White Plains, September 1778. He died in 1809 in Wake County, North Carolina. He is listed in the DAR of North Carolina Records, Durham, North Carolina, 1932 (12, 709p.): 610, and the North Carolina Revolutionary War Soldiers database, appendix, page 610. His grandson died in the Civil War (see below).

George Upchurch
George was a Patriot, born 1757 in Brunswick, Virginia. I don’t know anything else about his service. George was an ancestor of Thiddo Smith's mother, Rosa Alice Davis. George is listed in Franklin County [North Carolina]1779-1979 by T. H. Pierce, “Men in Rev. War Accounts of 1784-1785,” page 11.

Note: It is possible there is at least one Tory in the family tree, as well, Abraham Collins, as well as one veteran of the War of 1812. See “The Collins in wartime.” 

The Mexican War

George B. Davis

George, the father of Newton Berry Davis, fought in both the Mexican War and the Civil War. In the former, he was in Company A, 4th Regiment, in what I believe was called the Kentucky Foot Volunteers, but I have been unable to verify his service. He probably served from 1846-48.

The Civil War

Joel David Bagwell
David, great-grandfather of Gladys Hall, enlisted in Company H of the 8th Georgia (the same unit as the Carnes) on 13 May 1861, but he was wounded soon after. The company records do not say when he was wounded, but he was discharged at Richmond, Virginia, 11 November 1861. The records state: "Has been sick with measles; suffered a severe cough and afterwards with rheumatism."

David died before 1870, probably of complications from his wartime service.
I don’t know when he left Rome, nor do I know when he returned. Eighty men left under the command of Captain John Frederic Cooper on 10 May 1861, three days before he enlisted (unless the dates are wrong).

Note: In the “The Heritage of Floyd County, Georgia 1833-1999, Section 345, the author states that Joel Bagwell was the son of William Bagwell and Elizabeth Rowe of Floyd County. But their son was named Joseph, born about 1820, and seldom did soldiers enlist using a nickname.
The 8th Georgia fought in the Battle of First Manassas 21 July 21, 1861, when it suffered heavy losses. Half of the 1,000 members of the 8th Georgia Regiment to be killed or wounded. According to records of Company H, there were four men killed and 12 wounded out of 40 in the battle. Many of them died in two charges against a Union battery (one record says only 369 men out of 1046 were left standing). The assault proved pivotal to the Confederate victory, however, when the 7th Georgia, in support of the 8th, was able to capture the guns. According to the records, after the battle Gen. Beauregard said, “You Georgians saved me.”

Joseph Ballard

Joseph was the father of Rhoda Balland, wife of Elias Canada Carnes below. Elias Canada Carnes was a great-grandfather of Gladys Hall. Joseph served in Company E, 18th Georgia Infantry, and is buried in Euharlee Presbyterian Church Cemetery in the far right corner four plots away from Elias Canada Carnes.

Joseph, a private, enlisted 11 June 1861 at the age of 40. He was captured at Gettysburg 3 July 1863. He was paroled at Point Lookout, Maryland, and transferred for exchange 17 January 1865. He was received at Boulware Wharf, James River, Virginia, 21 January 1865.

The 18th Georgia Infantry Regiment was one of the most honored Civil War units. See the information Albert Smith, below. Albert is the g-grandfather of Thiddo Smith, who married Gladys Hall.

James A. H. Brownlow
James, father of Harriet Octavia Brownlow Smith, Thiddo Smith’s gandmother, was mustered into Company K of Floyd’s Legion of State Guards in Cedartown, Georgia, sometime before 1863. Company K was called “Johnson’s Cavalry.” Each man had to bring his own horse. In mid-1863, James’ horse died and he was transferred to Company H.

According to family history, Floyd’s Legion was guarding Rome and after the battle of Chickamauga, their supply lines were cut off by Sherman’s advance and they began to starve. They were told by Col. Yieser to get home the best they could, but James was transferred to Wofford’s Brigate in the Army of North Georgia. He attained the rank of corporal. He was later captured and paroled in May 1865 at Kingston, Georgia.

Obediah J. Brownlow

“Obed” was the brother of James A. H. Brownlow above, but in keeping with the unique tragedy that was the Civil War, he fought for the Union. He joined Company D of the 4th Tennessee Cavalry (Union) and died 12 February 1865 of wounds he received in fighting at Pulaski, Tennessee. He was probably wounded September 26 or 27, when the 4th Tennessee was involved in a skirmish at Pulaski.

Robert M. Hall and James Asbury Ramsey, below, were also in the 4th Tennessee. The Halls are another example of brothers fighting brothers.

James Canada Carnes and Elias Grady Carnes

James, along with their brother, Elias Grady, was mustered at Rome, Georgia, 20 February 1862 into Company H, 8th Infantry Regiment Georgia. James was wounded 4 July 1863 at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, according to the official records, but Carnes family records say he was actually wounded on 2 July, the first day of the battle. It would have been late in the afternoon or evening because the 8th Georgia was part of General George T. "Tige" Anderson's Brigade, which arrived late on the 2nd after a long and tiring march.

Both James Canada and Elias Grady were captured and James Canada died in the USA General Hospital at Gettysburg, 31 August 1863. Elias Grady was held as a POW, and was “paroled on 25 February 1865 at Point Lookout, MD; Transferred on 25 February 1865 at James River, VA (For exchange)” Elias Grady died before 1870, possibly as a consequence of his imprisonment.

James Canada could have been wounded at any time during this battle, but it is possible he was wounded at a place called Plum Run, where Anderson's Brigade had to retreat. There were many Confederate wounded in the battle who were recovered by their own comrades, so James Canada may have been struck down during a retreat. According to Carnes family records, Elias Grady was captured because he refused to leave his brother’s side.

From a website: L.W.C. Titshaw of Co. C, 9th Georgia Regiment, wrote to his sister on July 26: "... it did not look like that there ever could be a man ever get out without being killed for the cannon balls, shells, grape, canister as large as hen eggs. Minie balls was flying so thick that it did not look like a man could ever live a minute. As it happened they overshot the most of the time their balls looked like they struck everywhere at once..." [Letter courtesy of Greg Moore and C. Pat Cates].

James was originally buried in Adams County, Pennsylvania, in the Gettysburg National Cemetery, but in 1867 or 1877 was among the last 13 known Confederate soldiers who were disinterred and moved to Savannah, Georgia. According to one of my sources, his gravesite is empty, and he is probably buried in an adjacent mass grave.
Both James Canada and Elias Grady were honored for distinguished service.
No one knows where Elias Grady Carnes is buried. He died before 1870, his early death no doubt hastened by his time as a POW, and he is often confused with his nephew of the same name, who is in our direct line of descent. As noted elsewhere, the latter Elias G. Carnes’ grave is marked by a Confederate States of America tombstone put there in error.

The Carnes brothers were older siblings of Andrew Jackson Carnes, who was sent north during the war, apparently to avoid conscription. Andrew Jackson Carnes’ son was the Elias G. Carnes buried at Blue Pond. He was the father of Gladys Hall’s grandmother Fannie Mae Carnes.

George B. Davis
George, who was Rosa Alice Davis's father and previously fought in the Mexican War (see above), served in Company H., 3rd Kentucky Mounted Infantry (CSA) during the Civil War. The 3rd Kentucky participated in the battle of Shiloh, in which it lost 174 men, saw action around Vicksburg and Jackson, and in 1864 engaged in skirmished with Federal troops in Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. The unit was part of the surrender of 4 May 1865.

John Davis
A John Davis, Jr., was George B. Davis's father, and it is possible he is the John Davis who enlisted in Company A., 2nd Cavalry Regiment, Kentucky, on 9 September 1861. However, our John Davis was at the ripe old age of 69, although there are accounts of men older than that serving in the war, and there are two other John Davis's in Wayne County, Kentucky in the mid-1800s. In any case, John Davis reenlisted late in the war, on 7 February 1864, just in time to take part in the March to the Sea. He was discharged on 22 January 1865 in Madison, Indiana. The 2nd Kentucky Cavalry took part in the battles at Chicamauga, Kingston, Cass, Kennesaw Mountain, New Hope Church, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Jonesboro, Lovejoy, and Savannah. He died in 1868 at 76 and is buried in Dishman Cemetery, Slickford, Wayne County, Kentucky.

Littleton M. Fountain.
Littleton was the husband of Ann or Annie E. Carnes (sister of James Canada and Elias Grady Carnes above), Littleton was a member of the Kingston (Georgia) Home Guards organized 8 May 1861. Other members of this unit included possible relatives Aron and W. S. Fountain, Chester Bagwell and a J. R. Carnes. He also served in Company D, the "Cherokee Brown Rangers," 14th Georgia Infantry, enlisting 1 March 1862. He was wounded at Seven Pines 31 May 1862, fought at Fredericksburg 13 December 1862, and is listed as absent without leave 28 February 1865. He received a pension from the State of Georgia. He is buried in the Connesena Baptist Church Cemetery near Kingston, Georgia.

The Gipsons/Gibsons

Doctor E. Gibson

D. E., the brother of William Harrison Gipson, was born in 1828 in Burke County, North Carolina. He enlisted 31 August 1861 as a 4th sergeant in Company D (Gilmer County), 23rd Georgia Infantry (Colquitt's Brigade) when the unit was organized at Big Shanty, Georgia. D. E. is said to have died at the battle of Chaffin's Farm near Richmond, Virginia, 19-20 September 1864. However, another website says he enlisted as a sergeant and was discharged as a private.

The 23rd participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Chancellorsville, where more than 275 men were captured. It then was ordered to Charleston, South Carolina, and later Florida. After fighting at Olustee the unit returned to Virginia, took part in the conflicts at Drewry's Bluff and Cold Harbor, and endured the battles and hardships of the Petersburg siege, of which the battle of Chaffin's Farm was a part.

James Lawson Gibson

James Lawson Gibson, D. E.'s brother, originally enlisted in Company E (Pickens County) of the 23rd Georgia, but was transferred to Company D on 1 January 1862. He was a private. I have been unable to find any further information on him.

Thomas Gipson

Thomas was the son of Solomon Gipson and Elizabeth Millsaps, and was born in 1826 in North Carolina. I do not know the exact relationship of Solomon to Harrison Gipson, D. E. and Lawson's father, but I am confident they are related. Thomas was a third corporal in Company H, First Regiment, Georgia State Line troops, the "Gilmer Browns." The Georgia State Line soldiers were called "Joe Brown's Army," after the Georgia Civil War governor, and served from 1862-1865. They fought in every campaign within the state's borders.

The Halls

The Halls were another true example of the Civil War pitting “brother against brother.” Gladys Hall’s great-grandfather Matt Hall and his son Allen fought for the Confederacy, and Matt’s brother Robert M. Hall, and their nephew Berry Ramsey fought for the Union. Matt and Robert’s brother Seaborn Jasper Hall fought in the war, but there is not yet conclusive evidence as to which side he fought for.

James Madison “Matt” Hall

Matt Hall was a private in Company B, Infantry Battalion, Georgia Volunteers, which was formed 15 May 1862. This legion was organized 21 May 1862 as the 1st Georgia Partisan Rangers. The name was changed to Smith's Legion, Georgia Partisan Rangers on 1 July 1862.  In March 1863 the cavalry battalion became the 6th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Cavalry, and the infantry battalion became Company A, 65th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Regiment, Army of Tennessee, the “Gilmer Light Guards,” in March 1863. James was transferred to Company A.

The 65th fought with the army from Chickamauga to Nashville, then was active in North Carolina. In December, 1863, it contained 291 men and 226 arms but was further reduced when it surrendered in April, 1865.

On the roll dated January and February 1864, James went on a 10-day furlough on 18 December 1863.

James Allen Hall

Allen is the son of Matt Hall above, brother of Newton Jasper Hall, Gladys Hall’s grandfather.

Allen Hall enlisted in Company E, 8th Georgia Regiment, Georgia State Troops, on 7 November 1861 and apparently was mustered out at Savannah in May 1862. He later enlisted a private in Company A, Infantry Battalion, Georgia Volunteers 12 May 1862. This legion was organized 21 May 1862 as the 1st Georgia Partisan Rangers. The name was changed to Smith's Legion, Georgia Partisan Rangers on 1 July 1862.  In March 1863 the cavalry battalion became the 6th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Cavalry, and the infantry battalion became Company A, 65th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry, Army of Tennessee, the “Gilmer Light Guards.” in March 1863.

Allen was captured at Knoxville, Tennessee, on 22 September 1863, early in the Union assault on the city, and sent to Camp Morton, Indiana, a prisoner-of-war camp. He was transferred to Ft. Delaware, Delaware, 19 March 1864 and paroled there in February 1865 and exchanged. He was in CSA Hospital No. 9 on 10 March 1865, and he surrendered in Gordon County at the close of the war.

Robert M. Hall and James Asbury Ramsey

Robert is the brother of Matt Hall above. Berry Ramsey was their nephew.

Robert joined Company F,  4th Tennessee Cavalry (Union) as a saddler, possibly a person who maintained saddles and leather gear, and emerged as a private.

Berry joined the 4th Tennessee as a private and was discharged as a private.

Among its many assignments, the 4th Tennessee took part in the Siege of Atlanta and the Battle of Nashville, so in the latter case, the Halls fought each other.

Seaborn Jasper Hall

According to a family website, Seaborn Jasper Hall enlisted in the 4th Regiment, Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry organized at Nashville, Tennessee on 9 February 1863 along with his brother, Robert M. Hall, and his nephew James Asbury Ramsey. There is a Seaborn Jasper Hall on the roster of the 4th Tennessee from Hamilton County (Chattanooga), Tennessee, according to one website, but another (http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/index.html) does not have him listed.

But according to his tombstone, Seaborn Jasper Hall joined the 35th Tennessee Infantry (Mountain Rifle Regiment), CSA, in September 1861 and served as a corporal. There is an Corp. Jasper Hall, as well as an S. J. Hall, on the roster of the 35th Tennessee. Some soldiers in the unit also came from the Chattanooga area.

I have not been able to full resolve this conflict, but I believe that our Seaborn Jasper Hall is probably not the Cpl. Jasper Hall in the 35th Tennessee. Cpl. Hall was in Company H, which was raised in Sequatchie County, Tennessee, about 30 miles north of Chattanooga.

But Private S. J. Hall was in Company L. Companies "H", "I" and "K" of the 36th Tennessee Infantry were consolidated to form Company "L" of the 35th Tennessee Infantry on June 30, 1862. Company H of the 36th Tennessee Infantry was raised in Hamilton County.

However, there is no Hall in Company H of the 36th Tennessee, or an S. J. Hall in that unit at all. So S. J. Hall must have joined the 35th Tennessee after it was formed from companies of the 36th.

William Harrison Marsh

William, Thiddo Smith’s great-grandfather, enlisted as a private in the 9th Infantry Unit, Company A, Kentucky. The unit was mustered on 20 November 1861, and was part of the Army of Ohio until November 1862, when it became attached to various units of the Army Corps.

The unit fought at the Battle of Shiloh, the siege of Corinth, the Battles of Chicamauga, Resaca, Adairsville, Kingston, Cassville, New Hope Church, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta, Jonesboro, and Lovejoy, then broke off to attack Gen. Hood’s army in North Georgia and Alabama. Hood was trying to distract Sherman, but it didn’t work. He also took part in the siege of Savannah. The regiment was mustered out at Camp Joe Holt, Kentucky, 9-27 July 1865.
In all, the regiment lost five Officers and 51 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and one officer and 122 enlisted men by disease for a total 179.

David W. Nowlin
It is likely that David W. Nowlin, who enlisted 13 June 1861, in Rome, Georgia, is the brother of Samuel J. Nowlin, below. David enlisted in Company F, 18th Georgia, and was killed 13 December 1862 in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Our David would have been 16 in 1861. There is no record of our David after the 1860 census.

The 18th Georgia suffered tremendous casualties. See Albert Smith below.

Samuel J. Nowlin
The gg-granduncle of Gladys Hall, Samuel enlisted 28 May 1861 in Rome, Georgia, as a private in Company H, 8th Georgia Regiment. He was transferred to Company F, 18th Georgia Infantry on 8 October 1862 in exchange for William F. Parish. Samuel was captured by Union forces on 1 June 1864 at Cold Harbor, Virginia, and released on 16 June 1865 in Elmira, N. Y.

Parish was a musician, and was appointed regimental musician for Company H. He was wounded at Cold Harbor, Virginia, 13 June 1861 and later deserted. He was in a U. S. military prison in Richmond, Virginia 10 April 1865.  Parish was born in Henry County, Georgia, 24 June 1830.

The 18th Georgia suffered tremendous casualties. See Albert Smith below.

James J. Phillips

James married Rhoda Martha Collins, sister of Ursula Collins, who married Albert Smith below. I could not determine which unit James Phillips fought in during the Civil War. The Civil War database lists 11 James Phillips in various units, plus one James J. Phillips, who is not from Northwest Georgia. Our James may be the James Phillips who was in the 3rd Battalion, Georgia Sharpshooters, which was recruited as an elite unit by Col. W. T. Wofford of Cass County in April or May, 1863.

James is said to have died soon after he returned home from the war of a disease, possibly measles, that he contacted while in service.

Miles Privett    
Miles, grandson of the Patriot Miles Privett above, and a cousin of Thiddo Smith’s mother Rosa Alice Davis, enlisted in the Kentucky militia on 5 November 1863. But on 5 April 1864, he was mustered into the Union Army’s Company D, 30th Kentucky Mounted Infantry Regiment. He died 10 June 1864 in Camp Burnside, Pulaski County, Kentucky.
The 30th was a so-called “one year” regiment, a state regiment called into national service for one year near the end of the war to try to clean the countryside of guerillas. Camp Burnside was originally named Point Isabel. In 1863, the Union army set up a staging area and supply base there to support the East Tennessee campaign of Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside. Miles probably died at the camp hospital. In other records, there are accounts of soldiers dying there in the spring and summer of 1864 of typhoid and pneumonia, although some elements from the camp were engaged with Confederates in the battle of Cynthiana, June 11-12, 1864.

According to the records of Mill Springs National Cemetery in Nancy, Kentucky, Miles died 30 June 1864. He is buried in section D site 172. Burnside Camp has become the current town of Burnside, located on U. S. 27 on the shores of Lake Cumberland.

John H. Silvey
John, brother of Susan Silvey (wife of Andrew Jackson Carnes, brother of James Canada and Elias Grady Carnes above), is on the muster list for Company E, 8th Georgia Infantry. He enlisted as a private 14 May 1861. He was slightly wounded at First Manassas, Virginia. 21 July 1861, and furloughed for 60 days from 15 September 1864. He was discharged at Kingston, Georgia, May 1865 after being severely wounded in the leg 15 August 1864, at Fussel's Mill, Virginia.

In his pension application he writes: "August 16, 1864 was wounded and sent home never got able to return to duty but was back on detach duty at Augusta 1865. Surrendered Augusta on account of surrender.” He was honored for distinguished service. He died 13 August 1931 and is buried in Magnolia Cemetery in Atlanta.

Albert Smith

Albert Smith, Thiddo Smith’s great-grandfather, was a private in Company G, the "Lewis Volunteers," 18th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry. The company was recruited from Bartow County. The 18th Georgia Regiment was organized at Camp Brown, Cobb County on the 22d day of April, 1861, as the First Regiment, Georgia State Troops. As part of the "Texas Brigade," it was one of the most famous units of the Army of Northern Virginia.

Albert enlisted on 2 August 1861 and was wounded in the left leg at Second Manassas, Virginia, on 30 August 1862. His leg had to be amputated below the knee.  He was captured and paroled at Warrenton, Virginia, 29 September 1862, and paroled at Kingston, Georgia 12 May 1865.

"Among the historical regiments of Georgia proudly stands the battle-scarred Eighteenth. Though no minstrel has tuned his harp to sing the praises, though not seeking, and therefore not obtaining a newspaper reputation, this noble regiment has gained a name which will live through all future time; in the memory of those who have so closely watched its career of glory."
--James M. Folsom.

The 18th Regiment had one of the most distinguished records of the Civil War. In all, it participated in 20 major battles including Seven Pines, Cold Harbor, Second Manassas (Bull Run), Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Chattanooga, the siege of Knoxville, the Wilderness Campaign, and the sieges of Petersburg and Richmond. The 18th Georgia, with less than 60 soldiers remaining, surrendered with the rest of the Army of Northern Virginia on 9 April 1865 at Appomattox Courthouse.

In November 1861, while camped near Fredericksburg, Virginia, the 18th Georgia was merged with the 1st, 4th, and 5th Texas Infantry Regiments to form a full brigade, called "Hood's Brigade" or the "Texas Brigade". These units fought together for the next year, and were often used by Gen. Robert E. Lee as "shock troops" who led the charge against Union lines. They soon earned a reputation for courage in battle, despite suffering many deprivations, including the lack of shoes.

At the battle of Sharpsburg, the 18th Georgia lost 101 men either killed, wounded, or missing, out of a total of 176, or 57%.

On the afternoon of 27 June 1862, at the Battle of Cold Harbor, Gen. Lee ordered a major assault on Union lines. The 18th Georgia led the charge, which broke the Union line and forced their retreat. The 18th Georgia had 146 casualties.

Albert, who died in 1910, is buried in the Connesena Baptist Church Cemetery near Kingston, Georgia.

Battle Flag of the 18th Georgia.


Military records

Civil War Rosters – Arranged by state. This is an amazing site. http://www.geocities.com/Area51/Lair/3680/cw/cw.htmlhttp://www.geocities.com/Area51/Lair/3680/cw/cw.html

Artillery, Cavalry, Infantry Regimental Histories, Georgia C. S. A.

Note: The two sites above are excellent resources for information on Civil War soldiers and sailors.

The Gilmer Browns

Illinois Confederate Veterans Graves Project, Roll of honor of Confederate veterans in Illinois, compiled by Gale F. Red, project coordinator, and originally transcribed and formatted by Kim Torp and Judy Anderson. February 15, 2008. http://genealogytrails.com/ill/rebelsoldiersa-g.html

George Upchurch


The 43rd Georgia Infantry Regiment Volunteer
History http://home.att.net/~fortythirdgeorgia/main.htm

Confederate Battle [Flag] (Square), AKA "Southern Cross"
Flag; Confederate, St Andrews Cross, Army of Northern Virginia, 23rd Georgia, 49 inch.  

23rd Georgia Infantry

18th Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry
The latter site is also the source of the flag image.

Heroes and Martyrs of Georgia by James M. Folsom.

*Who the heck is Thiddo Smith?

These websites are based upon the family trees of Gladys Hall and Bethel T. "Thiddo" Smith of Northwest Georgia.  Surnames in the Smith line include Collins, Brownlow, Austin, Wimpey, and Martin, among others. Surnames in the Hall line include Buttrum, Carnes, Bagwell, Hicks, Nowlin and Humphries. For more information, see The Smith-Hall Nexus.

Idaho Web Design Tools